Ruff, a crimped or pleated collar, usually wide and full. One of the most distinctive fashion item in the 16th and the 17th century worn by both men and women. The beginnings of the ruff can be seen in the early years of the 16th century, when men allowed the top of their shirt to be exposed. The ruff increase in size becoming a symbol of aristocracy. Women wanted to show their status in society and also wished to exposed their bosom, so the ruff was then developed to be half circle that open in front and rise in the back.

Outfit by Valentino Fall 2016 Couture